Your guidelines in owning a diesel forklift.
As long as the truck meets the legal requirements for driving on public roads, you can, of course, drive to a gas station yourself to fill the diesel tank in the truck. However, if the use of the forklift truck is more intensive, or if the internal transport fleet has several diesel forklift trucks, it may be more convenient to have a diesel storage stand and/or pump installed on your own company premises. This tank is then refilled on a regular basis by the fuel supplier, so that diesel is always available and the forklift truck can be used again quickly.
Easy refueling is - together with easy availability of diesel - one of the main reasons for the popularity of the fuel. Especially if there is already a diesel storage tank or pump on the premises, filling the tank in forklift truck is a piece of cake. In no time, the forklift truck can be used again for a longer period of time. The presence of a storage tank or pump can therefore be a reason for companies to opt for diesel forklift trucks. However, legal (environmental) regulations do apply to the installation of such a storage tank, such as safe distance, a fence, a smoking ban and provisions that prevent liquids from ending up in the ground. A distinction is made between above-ground and underground storage tanks. The supplier of the tank and/or the fuel can explain more about these regulations.
The fact that the diesel engine is still one of the - if not the strongest - power sources also makes this combustion lift truck popular in sectors where the operating conditions are tough. For example, because the ground is not paved everywhere, or because the heavy loads that have to be handled. A third reason for choosing diesel forklift trucks can be the relatively lower purchase price of the trucks - combined with the elimination of the need for a charging or changing station for batteries.
If the diesel forklift turns out to be the best solution for a specific application, it is undeniably good to pay attention to a number of things. Because even if you, as a user, no longer have to worry about the fuel. Even then, diesel deserves attention. For example, the frequency with which the storage tank is filled is important. Not only to prevent unexpected downtime of the forklift trucks, but also because of the influence of temperatures on the quality of the fuel. During severe winters, the diesel cools down and the paraffin crystallizes from the diesel. This is also referred to as 'flakes'. The flakes can lead to clogging of filters or injectors, and thus to a standstill of the forklift truck.
The maintenance costs for diesel forklifts are generally higher than those for electrical powered forklifts, bringing the Total costs of Ownership, or TCO for short, closer together for both variants. In terms of cost per hour of operation, a diesel forklift also scores less well than its electric counterpart. Moreover, a diesel forklift truck is less 'clean' than an electric one. Harmful emissions have led to the ban on 'indoor division' using forklift trucks with a load capacity of less than 4 tonnes. Even if the truck is fitted with a particle filter, it may not legally be used in closed or half-open spaces.
The risk of flakes is greatest in deployment situations where a storage tank is only filled once a year. If the tank is filled in summer, it may happen that the diesel flakes at extremely low temperatures. Even if a truck is stationary for a long time, there is a risk of the paraffin crystallizing. When a storage tank is filled regularly, the fuel supplier almost always takes the temperatures into account. In the winter, he will then fill the tank with so-called winter diesel. Additives have been added to ensure that the fuel is extra protected against low temperatures, so that no problems occur.